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Cybersecurity Trends in Aerospace and Defense Applications

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$10.5 T 1 The Changing Landscape of Cybersecurity Challenges and Countermeasures 1 Lucian Constantine, "SolarWinds A ack Explained: And Why It Was So Hard to Detect," CSO, December 15, 2020 2 Steve Morgan, "Cybercrime to Cost the World $10.5 Trillion Annually by 2025," Cybercrime Magazine, November 13, 2020 The annual cost of cybercrime to the global economy by 2025 2 The nature of cybersecurity has taken a dire turn across the aerospace and defense industry as threat vectors multiply and incidents such as the SolarWinds attack have caught many organiza- tions unprepared. Cybersecurity has always been a never-ending battle between develop- ers devising new kinds of protection for systems and hackers creating new mechanisms for thwarting these protections. In the U.S., this threatening dance reached a pinnacle in March 2020, with an unantic- ipated attack from a group dubbed Cozy Bear, identified by The Wash- ington Post as a hacking arm of the Russian government. The attack on the American company SolarWinds was traced to malware spread through a back door exploited by a trojanized component. It breached massive numbers of high-profile computer systems, including those of many major U.S. government agencies, private financial organizations, and universities. The SolarWinds attack, which targeted the company's software update product Orion, was a reminder that new vulnerabilities continue to arise, taxing the abilities of those tasked with protecting data and systems. 1 Aerospace and defense companies have a particularly difficult mission in protecting and maintaining mission-critical systems and insulating them from cybersecurity threats. An online cybersecurity expert discus- sion recently hosted by Defense Daily explored emerging vulnerabilities and detailed the challenges faced by the industry in identifying and mitigating attacks.

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